At the 1992 gathering, there appeared to be a rift between some
CALMvolunteers, so contacts were made with each CALM.
K. GATHERING FEATURES
Each Rainbow gathering is different, but there are some features
common to all gatherings. These features at the 1992 gathering at
Overland Reservoir are described below. Features are identified on the
map in Figure 2.
WELCOME CENTER - The Welcome Center was located at the intersection
of the Overland Reservoir access road (PER 705) and Stevens Gulch Road
(FDR 701). During the gathering, Rainbow family members would direct
people to outlying parking areas, and attempted to restrict traffic on
FDR 705 to live-in vehicles traveling to Bus Village and vehicles
bringing in supplies.
FRONT GATE - The Front Gate was located near the Overland Reservoir
dam, at the terminus of FDR 705. This was where the shuttle deposited
its riders. New arrivals were "welcomed home' by other Rainbow Family
members, and given information about the gathering and the location.
Everyone had to pass through the Front Gate to get to the main camp.
INFORMATION CENTER - The Information Center, located near the Front
Gate, was manned by family members who answered questions and gave
directions. Information was posted on a easel-like structure constructed
of tall ( 10-12') poles lashed together. Information on sanitation,
camping, personal hygiene, scheduled events, Forest Service and Health
Department fliers, and messages to/from gathering participants were
displayed at this colorful location. General information was also
available at CALM tents (see discussion below).
BUS VILLAGE - Bus Village and the adjacent Van Village were
parking/camping areas for self contained and live-in vehicles. These
areas were located just east of the Overland Reservoir spillway
Figure 2: Gathering Features/MAP
and encompassed approximately 30-40 acres. At the peak of the
gathering, 846 vehicles were parked here.
Originally, Van Village was within an area closed to camping This
site was adjacent to Bus Village and the Rainbows did not want to move.
Because Van Village was so similar to Bus Village and there was no
desire to impact another area, an amendment to Closure Order #04-92
rescinding the camping closure in this area was approved before the main
There was a major health concern over sanitation problems that
occurred at Bus Village and Van Village Both areas were located on
compacted gravel benches (a result of reservoir construction' with poor
drainage. The large concentration of people (approximately 4200) in this
area required that 21 latrines be constructed - which did not occur.
Latrines that were constructed were not dug at flagged locations and
some were too near open water. In addition, many people did not use the
latrines and a large amount of surface deposition occurred along the
edges and within the two villages. There were also concerns about lack
of dumping facilities for self-contained vehicles.
MAIN MEADOW - The main meadow is the center of the gathering, where
councils, communal meals and the peace vigil on July 4th, is held. Elk
Park, approximately 1/2 mile west of Overland Reservoir was the main
meadow for the 1992 gathering. Trails leading to camps and kitchens
surrounding the meadow converged at the main circle.
KITCHENS - Thirty-five kitchens were in operation during the
gathering. These areas served as social centers and were operated by
volunteers. Somike popcorn, donuts, waffles and tea. Others prepared a
variety of food.
Kitchens were distributed throughout the gathering area. Kitchens
were open air structures built from dead and down logs and poles found
on site. Large, usually blue, tarps covered these structures to protect
the area from wet weather. Cooking was usually done over open fires in
large rock lined pits. A few kitchens had ovens made out of 55 gallon
drums which were set in rock and mud walls.
Sanitation was a major concern to the Rainbow Family, the Forest
Service, and the State of Colorado and Delta County Health Departments.
Health Department officials routinely visited kitchens to make sure
minimum health standards were being met in food storage, preparation and
serving. Most kitchens had a three-bucket dish washing system (hot soapy
water, hot clear rinse, lukewarm chlorine rinse and hand washing
station. Informative signing was posted to encourage proper use. Compost
pits, gray water pits and recycling centers were also present at most
kitchens. Large pots of boiling water were usually present, to provide
safe water for cooking, cleaning and drinking.
Food was prepared and available at the kitchens during much of the
day. A communal dinner was usually held each day at the main circle in
Elk Park. Food was transported from the kitchens and served at the main
FOOD - Little perishable food stuffs were used at the gathering with
the exception of fresh fruits and vegetables. Staple food items included
beans, lentils, rice and potatoes. Most food was purchased with common
funds and stored at a common supply area, where the family had some
control. Kitchens received a daily allotment of food. If there were
sanitation concerns in a given kitchen, they would not receive their
food until the situation was corrected.
Many Rainbow members are vegetarians, however the Colorado Division
of Wildlife detained one family member who was caught fishing with 40
fish over the limit in his possession. The fisherman stated he had been
doing the same for several days. Four other individuals were also cited
for fishing without a license. Wildlife officers also know of a road
killed deer and a road killed porcupine that were taken into the
CAMPS-Camps varied from single tents, tipis or lean-tos, to small
clusters scattered throughout the area surrounding Elk Park Many camps
were formed by groups with common interests or beliefs Sisters' Camp,
Faire Camp, Krishna Camp', or from common geographical areas (New
England Regional Family [NERF Camp). Some camps were identified with
banners and entrance gates
"A" Camp - Alcohol consumption is not condoned by the Rainbow Family
and is discouraged within the main gathering . "A" Camp is usually set
up outside the main gathering as a camp where people gather to drink.
This camp is usually established along the access route to the main
gathering, as was the case at this year s gathering. "A" Camp was
located halfway between the intersection of FDR, 01 and, 05 and Overland
This camp has been a problem at past gatherings, because of its
location. "A" campers would panhandle, extort money and confiscate
liquor from people entering the gathering. "A" campers also harass
curiosity seekers, law enforcement officers and other Forest Service
personnel, which may be an ulterior motive for its location.
At this year's gathering, ."A" Camp disbanded around June 21. There
was apparently problems with establishing a kitchen and campers had to
commute to the Front Gate to eat. Lack of food and possibly law
enforcement pressure caused "A" campers to move into the gathering. Many
moved to a camp called No Name, located near the Front Gate. Some
panhandling continued to be a problem in this area.
Several "A" campers also moved into a house in Paonia, the week of
July 4th, and stayed there several weeks. Forest Service law enforcement
officers assisted local police on several incidents of drunken/rowdy
behavior at a local auction house and city park caused by "A" campers.
KIDDIE: VILLAGE - Each gathering has a Kiddie Village, specially
designed for children. This is the day care center of the gathering,
where parents could leave their children to attend workshops and
councils. Volunteers, usually parents, watch the children, play games,
read stories, and help with arts and crafts. Kiddie Village usually has
it's own kitchen and latrine facilities.
PETS - Rainbow literature discourages bringing pets to gatherings;
however, many gathering participants chose to ignore this request. Exact
counts were not possible, but an estimated 4500 dogs were present, along
with cats, several birds, lizards, two llamas and one goat. The goat was
eaten during the gathering.
There were concerns about dogs chasing wildlife during the gathering
and potential problems with abandoned animals after the gathering.
Wildlife officers observed one dog chasing elk during the gathering. No
dogs have been reported in the area since the Rainbow Family left.
Many dogs roamed freely around the gathering, with occasional fights
occurring. There were no reports of dogs biting humans. Gathering
participants commented to health department personnel that dogs are an
increasing problem at gatherings.
BARTER AREA - The gathering is advertised as being non-commercial,
where nothing should be sold. Many individuals offered wares for trade,
ranging from tie-died clothes, leather crafts and jewelry, to feathers,
rocks, shells and bundles of sage brush. Marijuana and drug
paraphernalia was also openly bartered. The barter area at the 1992
gathering was along the main path between the front gate and the main
L. RAINBOW FUNDS
The Rainbow Family collects money donated by Family members and
other supporters before and during the gathering. This money is recorded
and kept in a Family 'bank". Funds are used to provide Family needs.
Rainbow Gathering 1992
Family needs, like: food. supplies, medical bills, bail, and
rehabilitation materials. When funds are immediately needed, the magic
hat" is passed to raise the required amount.
During the 1992 gathering at Overland Reservoir, several situations
arose where Family funds were not always adequate, or forthcoming as
promised. The North Fork Baptist Church donated 13 shovels to the
Rainbow Family so they could dig latrines. A County Health Department
employee provided the Family with 50 5-gallon buckets and 150 lb.. of
sanitation lime, purchased out of his own pocket. Family members
receiving medical attention at Delta County Removal Hospital resulted in
billstotaling$10,900 after insurance coverage. The family said it only
felt responsible for those patients referred by CALM ( 15 of 43) and
paid $300. which did not even cover the referred patient bills. A
promise of more money at a later date has not been fulfilled. CALM had
informed the North Fork Ambulance Serene they would pay operating
expenses on all Family authorized emergency services, however they only
paid 2~'3 of these costs and felt no obligation for the remaining
531.50. The Forest Service identified the need for 1000 pounds of seed
mix for reseeding disturbed sites - the Family only purchased 200
M. GATHERING INCIDENTS
The major confrontational incident of the 1992 Rainbow Tribal Family
of Living Light Work Peace and Waling Gathering was the parking at Mule
Park, described in section E. PARKING.
RUMORS - Rumors were a major problem throughout the gathering
period, causing much public concern. Things like hundreds of abandoned
vehicles along all access routes, poaching and over fishing, and worse,
never materialized. The Public Affairs efforts to distribute daily
updates to the media and area residents, and the weekly public meetings
did much to reduce the local level of fear and anger and to diminish the
WATER - All the water in the Overland Reservoir area belongs to the
Overland Reservoir Ditch Shareholders. When the Rainbow Family began
moving into the area, the Shareholders were extremely concerned about
both water quality and water quantity. The Forest Service hydrologist
determined that the total consumptive use by the Rainbow Family during
the gathering would be approximately 1.4 acres. To quell the outcry over
water theft, the Ditch Company president, Pete Kasper agreed to donate
his water shares to the Family. The Family passed the magic hat and paid
$300, with a promise of more later.
The water quality issue was addressed by establishing eight
monitoring stations, where water samples were taken daily from June 17
to July 30. Discrepancies in lab technique resulted in conflicting data
early on. Once the lab technique problem was corrected, all data
revealed that the water quality of Overland Reservoir and surrounding
tributaries was not impacted by the gathering.
BIRTHS - Three births occurred during the Rainbow gathering.
DEATHS - Two deaths, a married couple, were discovered in Bus
Village on July 6. Autopsies determined the couple died of overdoses of
the prescription drug Soma - a muscle relaxant. There was no evidence of
foul play. There was also no indication whether the deaths were
intentional or accidental.
ASSAULTS - Two assaults (one sexual) against women were reported
during the gathering. A suspended assailant in one of the cases was
apprehended by Shanti Sena, but later escaped. Suspects in both cases
were never caught.
After the majority of gatherers returned home, the Delta County
Sheriff’s Office received reports of three more sexual assaults against
women at the gathering. The Sheriff's office is continuing to
investigate the assaults.
TRAFFIC VIOLATIONS - Traffic violations were issued by Forest
Service. Delta County Sheriff and Colorado State Patrol officers. Forest
Service enforced 36 CFR 261.50(a) and ( b) concerning careless and
reckless arising under Special Closure Order #03-92 and parking
violations under Special Closure Orders #04-92, #05-92 and #06-99.
County Sheriff and Colorado State Patrol officers enforced county and
state ordinances. During the period the Rainbow Family was in the area.
the following violations were issued to family members:
|Delta County Sheriff
|Colorado State Patrol
Three stolen vehicles were recovered from the towed vehicles.
*(estimated 300 verbal warnings)
RESOURCE VIOLATIONS - Forest Service officers also enforced resource
protection codes. One violation notice and 12 written warnings were
issued for acts like driving into a wet meadow, littering, defacing
government property, and pyrotechnic devices.
WILDLIFE VIOLATIONS - Colorado Division of Wildlife officers issued
five written violations for fishing without a license. One arrest was
made, three fines were collected in the field and one ticket for later
payment was issued. Payment has not been made and a warrant has been
issued. Twenty-four fisherman contacts were made during the gathering -
twelve with Rainbow Family members. The rate of violations to Rainbow
contacts was almost 50%. Normally, the rate of violations to fisherman
contacts is only 1%.
CDOW personnel also seized feathers and talons on three occasions.
All were associated with vehicle stops initiated by other law
ARRESTS - A total of 43 Rainbow Family members were arrested during
the gathering period (June 15 -July 15). The arrest breakdown follows:
Motor Vehicle Theft
For comparison, arrests made in Delta County in 1991 for the period
of June 15 through July 15, totaled 81. In 1992, the total number of
arrests for the same period was 125.
VANDALISM AT INCIDENT COMMAND POST - On two occasions unknown
individuals visited the ICP late at night when only two dispatchers were
present. On the first occasion they only rattled the doors; the second
time a number of windows were broken. As a result, a security person had
to be added to the team.
GAS SKIPS - Delta County Sheriff deputies investigated four reported
gas skips. In three cases, suspects were returned to the gas station and
payment was made.
DEFRAUDING INN KEEPER - The KOA Campground, in Delta reported
several individuals used their facilities without paying. The
responsible parties were found and payment was made.
DRUGS - County officials and residents were extremely concerned
there would be an increase in drugs in the area resulting from the
Rainbow Family’s presence. This fear has not been realized; however 178
hits of LSD were found in a public restroom in Paonia, during the
MISSING PERSONS - The Delta County Sheriffs office received requests
to locate and check the welfare of five individuals, during the
gathering. Two of these people were found. The Colorado State Patrol
reported three juvenile runaways were returned home. During the
gathering, the Incident Command Post received numerous requests to find
missing persons and to locate individuals at the gathering. The Sheriffs
office continued to receive similar requests two months after the
"JAIL OR BAIL" - During the early stages of the gathering, the
Forest Service used a procedure called "Jail or Bail", which was also
used at the two previous Rainbow Family gatherings. This procedure
allowed officers to collect collateral forfeiture on the spot or the
violator could be taken into custody and taken before the Magistrate.
The violator did not give up higher right to appear in court and contest
a violation by paying the fine. Verbal approval for this procedure was
given by the U.S. Magistrate and the Assistant U.S. Attorney, in early
June. This procedure was deemed necessary due to the transient nature of
many Family followers and served as an effective deterrent, particularly
in the case of careless reckless driving.
In early July, Rainbow Family members complained of this procedure
to the U.S. Attorney, prompting the U.S. Attorney to recommend this
procedure be altered. Beginning July 2, the new procedure required a
violation notice for an optional appearance be issued if the violator
could present sufficient identification (driver's license, vehicle
registration and proof of insurance in the same name as the driver). If
adequate identification was not provided the violator could pay the fine
or be detained, as before.
During the gathering(6/8 - 7/15), 52875 in collateral forfeiture was
collected on 42 violation notices. An additional 25 violation notices
with optional appearance were issued for a total of $1025. To date
(9/18), 15 of these violation notices remain unpaid and warrants will be
issued for the violators.
To compare the "Jail or Bail" procedure used by the Forest Service,
to procedures used by other law enforcement agencies involved at the
- The Delta County jail has a capacity of 47. At the onset of the
Rainbow gathering, 43 inmates were incarcerated. To reduce the potential
impact to the local jail and reduce the cost of having to jail people in
other facilities, the county opted to release violators
of non-violent crimes on Personal Recognizance Bonds in the amount of
the associated fine.
- The Colorado Division of Wildlife operated under a procedure
similar to the altered 'Jail or Ball" procedure. Fines u ere collected
on site if no identification was presented violation notices were issued
with adequate identification; suspects were taken into custody if fines
were not paid The one ticket issued was not paid and a warrant has been
- The Colorado State Patrol did not alter their ticketing procedures
As of August 98 35 warrants had been issued for failure to appear in
WASHINGTON OFFICE STAFF VISIT - For the first time, Washington
Office staff toured a Rainbow Family gathering site. Briar Beasley,
Deputy Chief, visited with incident command team members to learn about
gathering management and identified problems.
N. NEXT YEAR'S GATHERING LOCATION
At the Vision Council held on July, of this year's gathering, the
Rainbow Family consensed to holding the 1993 gathering in Kentucky.
V. SOCIAL AND ECONOMICIMPACTS
The Rainbow Family gathering represented a doubling of Delta
County’s population, and proved to be a cultural shock for many
residents of this rural agricultural area.
Socially, the biggest issue w as the difference in personal values
between Rainbow Family members and area residents. These differences
frightened many, especially between the time when the communities first
found out they were to be the location for the 1992 gathering and when
family members began to arrive. Fear changed to anger, directed at both
the Rainbow Family (for coming into the area uninvited) and the Forest
Service (for letting them'. Not everyone shared these views, which
resulted in divisiveness within local communities.
The large influx of people resulted in unusual lines at gas
stations, convenience stores and grocery stores. Crowds congregated in
downtown Paonia during the period before the main gathering. There were
complaints of public urination, public nudity, panhandling and
loitering. Similar complaints were reported in Delta and Hotchkiss.
The large law enforcement presence also had an impact on the local
communities. Some complained about the numerous traffic stops, while
others were grateful, feeling the presence deterred potential problems.
For the most part, the social impacts are with the Rainbow Family.
One lingering impact is the feeling that the Forest Service applied a
double standard to the Rainbow Family, by allowing them to gather
without requiring a permit. Many people in the area are Forest users who
are required to get permits for grazing, firewood, etc. They question
whether it is appropriate to allow thousands of people to occupy an area
of the National Forest without requiring some permit and remuneration
for the impacts left behind.
Economically the gathering brought a brief economic boost to some
local businesses. i.e. Natural Food Store, hardware store, grocery
store. One local restaurant used Rainbow Power to build Improvements, in
exchange for meals. Other businesses felt that local people stayed away
from their business and towns because of the family members presence.
Some businesses reported having to hire additional clerks and/or modify
store hours, for security reasons, which may have had a greater economic
cost. Sales tax revenues for Delta County were up for the gathering
As discussed in Chapter III, management costs for the 1992 Rainbow
Family gathering were very high.
Colorado State Patrol
CO Div. of Wildlife
County Social Services
County Health Dept.
County Sheriff Dept.
In addition to the monetary costs, there were costs associated with
planned work that did not get done because managers and funds were
redirected to the gathering.
VI - ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS
One of the overall management objectives for the Rainbow Family
gathering was to minimize any negative environmental impacts on the
site. Through daily monitoring and contacts with Rainbow Family members;
Forest Service, health department and CDOW personnel were able to
achieve this objective. Only 27 acres of the approximately 2500 acres
effected by the gathering were impacted as a result of concentrated use
on these locations. Impacts on resources in other areas were minimal.
As described earlier, water quality was monitored on a daily basis
during the gathering period. Samples were taken from eight locations in
and around Overland Reservoir. Samples were tested (or fecal coliform,
ammonia, nitrite and nitrate. Erroneous data early in the sample period
(June 17 :16), showed fecal coliform results at high levels, which was
inconsistent with all other test results. Testing procedures were
corrected and samples from July 1 through July 30 revealed the gathering
had essentially no impact on water quality in and around Overland
The Rainbow Family used five springs to supply water to kitchens and
campsites, during the gathering. Minimal development consisted of some
enlargement of natural basins and laying piper ,n open water at each
source. All evidence of human alteration was removed when the Family
cleaned up the site.
During the main gathering (July 1-7), there were problems with
latrines not being constructed in locations flagged by Forest Service
and health department officials, poor marking of latrine locations by
the Rainbow Family, and nonuse of latrines by Family members in several
locations. deposition was a health concern, especially in and around Bus
Village. These problems were brought
to CALM's attention and partially corrected. There was no evidence of
surface deposition and all but a few latrines in remote locations were
covered after clean up.
Soil compaction occurred where human use was concentrated: major
trails, kitchens, camps and Bus Village. Vegetation was worn away in
these areas. In many places, root crowns were not disturbed and
vegetation regrowth was occurring as early as August 15; especially in
organic soils. I-'se in the areas with good natural regrowth will not be
evident next year. Minimal disturbance occurred in outlying parking
areas: crushed and broken vegetation. This disturbance did not
significantly reduce forage production on these sites, and will also not
be evident by next sear. One individual drove into a wet meadow and was
cited for resource damage.
Initially, the CDO\\ expected fisheries in the Overland Reservoir to
be heavily impacted. This did not occur, likely as a result of
enforcement of fishing regulations and the limited number of Family
members observed fishing. Impacts to terrestrial wildlife were minimal
as well. Though the area surrounding Overland Reservoir provides good
big game habitat, the majority of gathering participants did not venture
into timbered areas, where the elk and deer stayed. There was some
evidence small mammals were taken, but not in numbers that impacted
- There was a reduction of dead and down fuels in the gathering area
as a result of cooking and camp fires. Family members used trees and
poles to construct kitchens and other facilities dune`, the gathering.
Most of these materials w ere scattered when structures were dismantled
after the gathering.
An archaeological surrey of the area prior to the main influx of
people identified two historic notched log structures and one log worm
fence. Family members were asked to avoid these areas and any other
sites they may find. This was done and there were no impacts to
Even though traffic was heavy on FDR roads . 01,, 00 and 265; most
of the traffic consisted of light vehicles. Negligible damage to these
roads resulted from gathering traffic.
VII - CLEAN UP AND SITE REHABILITATION
One of the management objectives of the 1992 gathering was to
"Ensure that environmental safeguards are available during the gathering
and the site is returned to a near natural condition.' To achieve this,
rehabilitation needs were mapped during the gathering and a
Rehabilitation Plan "Appendix C) was prepared and distributed to the
Rainbow Family on July 6. Objectives for late rehabilitation and how
they were achieved are discussed below
1. Physical evidence of man's presence will be removed from the site
or rearranged to present a natural appearance.
This objective was fully met, all refuse and foreign materials were
removed from the start, pits were filled, campsites were naturalized,
latrines (with few exceptions) were covered, all structures, were
dismantled, water lines were removed.
2. Areas of exposed mineral soil will be scarified/aerated, seeded
and fertilized as necessary to insure revegetation within one growing
season. Accomplishment of this objective will require that seeding tie
completed prior to August 1st.
RECOMMENDATIONS AND STRATEGIES
A. FOREST SERVICE POLICY
The Rainbow gathering is an annual event on National Forest System
lands. Certain resources are required for every gathering and should be
committed annually. to eliminate shifting funds and human resources from
Lack of regulations requiring the Rainbow Family to get a special
use permit was a major issue. The public felt the Forest Service was
negligent in not enacting new regulations, and was using "double
standards" for the Rainbow Family since most other publics need to obey
numerous regulations. The Forest Service needs to enact new regulations
concerning large group gatherings on National Forest system land.
Requiring a special use permit would place accountability on the Family
for compliance. increase Forest Service enforcement authority, require
bonding to pay for damages, and cover most of the cost to administer the
Host Region/Forest needs to identify incident command team and begin
coordination with state and local agencies as early as possible.
Coordination at the State level can begin as soon as the Rainbow Family
selects the state for their next gathering. Coordination at the local
level will have to occur after final site selection unless available
National Forest System lands limit the area that will be considered by
the Rainbow Family. In this case, local coordination can begin at the
same time as the state level coordination.
Legal advice from the OSD\ Office of General Council was not sought
or received in any manner for the 1992 gathering. Legal questions need
to be answered early (November; December .
The host Forest needs to identify potential safety hazards that
would result from the anticipated traffic on Forest roads. Special
closure orders prohibiting careless and reckless driving and cap and
parking within specified areas need to be issued and enforced before the
main gathering court Scheduled road maintenance may need to be
accelerated and additional maintenance performed to further reduce
traffic hazards. Timber hauling routes may have to be modified, as well.
These things need to done as early as possible to reduce safety risks
and to inform effected publics so they can make alternative plans.
B. INCIDENTCOMMAND SYSTEM
Many personnel familiar with the ICS are not familiar with law
enforcement resources and - . second guessing was used in filling
resource requests for law enforcement officers and dispatchers resulted
in individuals arriving without necessary equipment or training. Special
Law Enforcement '~r "categories" need to be developed so that
specifically requested resources are ordered in.
a "Category 1" Law Enforcement Officer is an officer with full
uniform, defensive equipment ~ :h visibility vehicle; a "Category 2" Law
Enforcement Officer is an officer with full uniform and d. !. ! `;.
equipment, but no high visibility vehicle; a Law Enforcement Dispatch
must have special law enforcement communication and dispatch.
Some people assigned to the incident command team did not have
previous experience .
Incident Command System /normally used on project level fires).
Personnel with skills in non-fire incidents (e.g. law enforcement)
should receive training on the Incident Command System.
Resource ordering and authorization for a non-fire incident was not
given the same prior . .. fire incident.
During the 1992 gathering, purchasing was done through the Forest's
purchasing a_ retained all her normal duties. Several situations arose
when purchasing was delayed. To ... problem at future gathering
incidents, a purchasing agent should be considered for acid incident
command team. This would result in additional administration costs.
There were some problems with name-requests for personnel. Several
people reported to the incident without proper paperwork, or proper
notification through incident command resource order channels.
Name-requests should be handled just as other resource orders.
There are safety concerns for Forest Service and other agency
personnel considering number of miles traveled, road conditions, traffic
conditions, confrontational situations, potentially hazardous physical
situations, mental stress from dealing with Family members and irate
publics. Team members need lodging facilities removed from gathering for
mental rest and relaxation.
The law enforcement liaison officer worked very well and should be
included in the incident command team at future gatherings.
A need for a sociologist as a member of the incident command team was
identified, to aid interaction between managers, local residents and
Rainbow Family members concerning social behaviors and attitudes'
conflict resolution, etc.. (This would also be an additional cost.)
C. INTERAGENCY/COMMUNITY COOPERATION
Coordination meetings between cooperating agencies, followed by
public information meetings with agency representatives outlining their
unified efforts were held periodically throughout the Fathering, with a
final close out meeting held July 15. The Delta County Commissioners
took the lead role in moderating these meetings. Several meetings were
also attended by "unofficial" Rainbow Family representatives. This was
an effective arena for concerned citizens to gain accurate information
and to air their opinions.
Meetings between the cooperating agencies and local businesses that
will likely receive the most impacts from the gathering (convenience
stores, gas stations, grocery stores, restaurants, etc.) should be held
as soon as the gathering site has been identified. The businesses need
to be made aware of the numbers and types of people that will be coming
into their area, so they may make preparations for additional help,
additional inventory and/or private security.
Health care and emergency services providers need to be involved in
early coordination meetings so they are made aware of past gathering
incidents and can plan accordingly.
Local fears would be reduced if public meetings can be held as soon
as possible and pictures of previous gatherings can be shown to visually
represent the event. Fear of the unknown is always greater than fear of
To lessen the impact of large numbers of Rainbow Family members
moving through small communities, porta-potties and showers could be set
up on the outskirts of towns. This would help direct Rainbow Family
movement away from the center of town.
Representatives of cooperating agencies attended daily briefings at
the Incident Command Post so all cooperators were kept well informed of
Health department, law enforcement personnel and incident command
team members from previous gathering should serve as consultants to next
Incident Command Team for first two weeks to provide accurate
information, quell rumors,- and assist in proactive activity to make
gathering management run smoothly.
Rainbow Family representatives should make early contacts with local
governments, communities and businesses to identify expectations and
D. PUBLIC AFFAIRS
Rumor control was the biggest problem before and during the gathenng.
Accurate information needs to be released to the media and public as
soon as possible and continued throughout the gathenng.
the Forest P.\O staff initially served on the incident command team,
in addition to their routine duties. PAO's specifically assigned to the
incident did not arrive on site until June 20, after which a Public
Affairs Action Plan was prepared. P.NO personnel need to arrive at the
gathenng earlier. so networks can be established to distribute public
information, to allay fears and quell rumors early on in the gathenng.
Associated costs would be additional.)
Local managers were inundated with both public outcry and public
information requests. The majority of the cooperating agencies used the
incident command public affairs staff to deal with media releases and
requests. This prevented conflicting or inaccurate information from
being circulated, and allowed agency personnel to concentrate on
management of the gathenng.
Information was distributed internally via a daily Rainbow update
transmitted over the Data General network. This was effective in keeping
all Forest personnel abreast of the gathering events so they could
provide accurate information to the public.
The Rainbow Family as a whole is very environmentally conscious and
members were very receptive to any environmental concerns raised by
Forest Service and other cooperating agency personnel. The Forest
Service also provided some Smokey Bear material to the children at
Kiddie Village. There is a good opportunity to distribute instructional
materials on camping ethics, health and safety, resource management,
natural processes, etc. through the information centers at the gathenng.
Public Affairs personnel were present through the close out of the
incident command post, which was very advantageous. They distributed
public information concerning the rehabilitation progress at the
gathenng site and the management turnover from the incident command team
to the local ranger district.
Maintain open communication between ail involved, including the
E. LAW ENFORCEMENT
The Forest Service is not perceived as a law enforcement agency and
the public was unaccustomed to seeing green-clad officers equipped with
defensive apparatus. The Forest Service needs to take opportunities,
such as the Rainbow gathering, to inform the public about training and
qualifications of their law enforcement agents, to prevent any
apprehension that officers may not be adequately trained to serve in a
law enforcement capacity.
To differentiate Forest Service law enforcement officers from
resource managers, law enforcement agents could be attired in different
uniforms. This may protect non-law enforcement Forest Service personnel
from dangerous situations if the public knows they are not armed, based
on their uniform
Early, heavy presence (as used by all law enforcement agencies) is an
effective deterrent aghast infractions. Proactive, not reactive
management needs to be emphasized.
Inform gathering participants of all "busts" as further deterrence of
Some officers with drug enforcement experience need to be assigned to
the incident. If possible . team should be assigned to specifically deal
with drug cases. . A dog trained to locate drugs should also be very
A high level supervisor from the County law enforcement agency should
be assigned to the incident command, to facilitate coordination between
the Forest Service and County.
There was a concern that the CSP pulled their contingent out of the
area too soon (July 7).
During the gathering, the site was visit by personnel from several
law enforcement agencies which were not involved in the gathering
management. These visitors did not check in with the incident command
post or the DCSO. This activity should be discouraged at fixture
gatherings. If outside law enforcement agents wish to tour the
gathering, they should arrange to make any official tours through the
incident command post. Unofficial tours should be discouraged. Curious
individuals should tour the area like the general public - not in
uniform or official vehicles.
"Jail or Bail" is an effective procedure to use where large numbers
of transients and out-of-area people congregate. This procedure serves
as a deterrent to violation activities, reduces the burden on the local
jails and courts, and increases the chance of fee payment. To prevent a
confusing change in direction mid-stream, as occurred at the 1992
gathering, the Forest Service should seek a District Court Order
authorizing the "Jail or Bail" procedure prior to the next Rainbow
Law enforcement officers may be requested from other Federal agencies
under the Incident Command System. 1b insure these officers have
authority to enforce CFR regulations on National Forest System lands,
Memorandums of Understanding need to be in place.
A law enforcement equipment cache needs to be created so it is
available for order out of Boise Interagency Fire Center (BIFC). This
cache should include items such as latex gloves, flex cuffs, magnetic
enforcement shields for vehicles, law enforcement forms, flashlights,
violations notices, clipboards, lockable bank bags, etc.
Rainbow Family members maintain communications within the gathering
with CB radios. To assist monitoring of emergency situations, each
patrol vehicle should be equipped with a CB radio.
The Colorado Division of Wildlife became involved as a cooperating
agency in early June. CDOW officers played an important part in law
enforcement efforts and expended many hours on incident management. At
future gatherings, state wildlife agencies should be involved in
incident planning as early as possible.
Pressure from law enforcement officers, as well as some from the
Rainbow Family resulted in the closing of "A" Camp before the main
gathering occurred. This eliminated problems of "A"-campers panhandling
and extorting money and alcohol along access into gathering site, for
Family members, managers and the general public. Similar pressure should
be applied at future gatherings.
Law enforcement presence in and around the camp after the gathering
prodded the Family to cleanup and leave the area. The normal 14-day
camping limit was reenacted on July 8, and the law enforcement presence
emphasized that the limit would now be enforced.
Terrain in the gathering area resulted in poor communications in some
locations and required the establishment of several repeater stations.
If possible, a communications survey should be conducted prior to the
gathering to facilitate establishment of a good communications system.
Communications failed on several channels on several occasions. Once
was due to rodents chewing on the support cables. Repeater sites should
be designed to prevent this problem from reoccurring. Other failures
were unexplained and possibly due to jamming. It is recommended that
specialist with knowledge to detect jamming be assigned to future
Rainbow incidents, to prevent jamming.
G. PUBLIC HEALTH AND SAFETY
The Rainbow Family's CALM units at the 1992 gathering were not
staffed or equipped to deal emergencies or injures requiring more than
basic first aid treatment. As a result, 46 persons treated at the Delta
Count Memorial Hospital. Less than half of these people had medical ins
[he Family said it only felt responsible for the people referred to the
hospital by CALM for Rainbow Family members totaled S10,900, of which
the Family paid $300 - which did not even pay for the CALM referred
patients. Promises of more money at a later date were not kept. In
addition individuals were treated by local physicians. Policies requirng
payment before services at lock reduced losses. Where adequate
identification and insurance is not available, the Family s} requested
for payment up front.
Emergency medical services can be heavily impacted, particularly in
rural communities services are normally funded by donations. Costs
incurred by Rainbow Family members can Ambulance services at future
gatherings may be able to work with the Rainbow Family anticipated costs
before emergencies occur, in attempts to cut losses.
Forest Service personnel flagged an adequate number of latrine sites,
in appropriate however the Family was fax both in digging latrines at
flagged locations as well as digging lateness. The Family must be
pressured early to dig the required number of latrines for the ant
crowd, before the large influx of people occurs.
Latrine sites need to be established at parking areas.
Sanitation lime should be required of the Rainbows. It is low cost
and yields high for controlling spread of disease and aids in
decomposition of human waste.
water quality monitoring logistics need to be worked out as soon as
possible. SIethodolo' lab facilities need to be agreed on to provide
current accurate information during the gathering, public health
concerns. water quality sampling should be started as soon as the
gathering lot known.
Bus village was located in a poor location regarding sanitation
aspects. The large conceit of people requires numerous latrine sites,
during the course of the gathering, and Bus Village be located
Health department personnel should accompany Forest Service personnel
in locating sites village, parking areas, Kiddie Village, etc. to help
minimize health impacts on the Rainbow population
Health departments need to distribute information on local health
concerns to reduce p problems.
, cool weather at the 1992 gathering reduced the chance of serious
problems from more severe sunburn, insect bites. Future managers and
gathering participants need to keep weather as a factor contributing to
human health and safety, and take necessary precautions.
Health department took a passive approach, indirectly getting
compliance through suggestion, keeping information simple, rhythmic,
common sense, good for fellow Rainbow and mother worked well. Continuous
presence of health department prevented major problems from occur
.\ large population of people unfamiliar with wilderness survival
techniques arrived for the main gathering. Compliance with required and
recommended health standards dropped. The Rainbow Family, health
department and Forest Service personnel need to be prepared for this
influx and actively educate gathering participants to get better
Small mammals get into compost pits. This is an unnatural food supply
which could result in increased populations and subsequent die offs in
following years. Compost pits should be correctly buried or the organic
refuse should be removed from the gathering site.
In preparing management strategies for the Rainbow gathering, a
review of literature on field sanitation and recreation impacts revealed
that little study has been done. There is a great opportunity to study
the impacts of large gatherings. Field sanitation methods need to be
evaluated to see if any residual health hazards occur.
H. SOCLAL SERVICES
The Social Services Department(s) at next year's gathering need to be
informed about what to expect from an influx of
10-20,000 people, so they can make necessary preparations. Things to
- The pattern of applications for food stamps. Applications began
after June 15 and increased in number through the end of the month.
Applications remained high the first two days of July, then dropped off.
Application numbers reflected the total Rainbow population trend.
Applicants applying in June were checked to see if they received Food
Stamps in other states. Many were not approved for Food Stamps in June,
but since they applied after June 15, they were approved for July. The
Delta County office began receiving calls from other states offices in
mid July after Family members moved on to other areas.
- The majority of the individuals applying for Food Stamps were very
knowledgeable of eligibility requirements. By claiming to be "homeless"
rather than vacationers, it was difficult to certify their eligibility
for Food Stamps.
- False Social Security numbers were used in applying for Food Stamps
Since applicants can not be verified under the homeless rules, bogus
numbers may cause future problems.
- Approximately $21,000 worth of Food Stamps were issued to Rainbow
Family members during the 1992 gathering. Delta County was able to
absorb this amount because it had a large inventory of Food Stamps.
Small counties may not have as large an inventory and would need to
increase their inventory to handle the increased requests during the
gathering. If Food Stamp applications can be handled efficiently, there
will be less problems.
- There were reports of Food Stamps being pooled to buy food for the
communal kitchens, which is a Federal violation. The FINS regional
office in Denver was notified of this during the 1992 gathering.
Cooperation between all agencies involved,
particularly law enforcement, is the key to successful management. This
is not possible if "turf' battles ensue.
Maintain control of the gathering management locally The public
knows the individuals that mill be involved, which removes some of the
fear of the unknown.
Managers need to remember they are dealing myth PEOPLE. They need to
find common ,. ground and work from there.
Humor will go a long way. It Drill lessen stress levels in managers.
Information couched in humor Oil be better received.
Managers need to identify which Family members are the power people,
who has credibility and can make things happen. This can only be learned
by working with the Family on site.
Let the Rainbow Family know what is expected of them regarding
behavior in local businesses. communities, as well as at the gathering
site. Work with them versus against them. .N non-confrontational stance
is the only method to deal myth such a large group.
Managers need to remain neutral and focus on management of the event.
Overland Reservoir was located 2, miles from any community and was
accessed by several routes. Though this was not a result of management.
it did lessen the impacts both within local communities and on access
routes. The Rainbow Family should consider a site with similar features
for future gatherings.
There were indications that a faction of the Rainbow Family had an
agenda to find a cause to take the Forest Service to court over during
the 1992 gathering. Several legal issues arose during the gathering -
towing, parking and "Jail or Bail'', but have not resulted in court
proceedings. Recognize that Rainbow legal activity may have alternative
The event will dominate your life for 2-3 months; but it will go
LIST OF COOPERATORS
Participating and Cooperating Agencies/Departments and
USDA FOREST SERVICE - Management and protection of natural resources
DELTA COUNTY SHERIFF’S DEPARTMENT - Lead agency for law enforcement
(highway safety, vehicle safety, theft, etc..
DELTA COUNTY HEALTH DEPART5IE.~1 - Lead agency for public health and
COLORADO STATE PATROL - Highway safety.
DRUG ENFORCEMENT AGENCY - Drug enforcement.
US MARSHAL SERVICE - Law enforcement assistance.
US ATTORNEY,S OFFICE - Federal criminal prosecutions.
COLORADO ATTORNEY'S OFFICE - State criminal prosecutions.
COLORADO DIVISION OF WILDLIFE - Wildlife management (poaching,
fishing licenses, etc..
US FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE - Support to Colorado Division of
POSTAL INSPECTORS - Contraband mail interdiction.
DELTA CITY POLICE DEPARTMENT - Law enforcement within municipal
COLORADO BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION -assistance as needed.
MESA COUNTY SHERIFFS DEPARTMENT - Law enforcement support to Delta
GUNNISON COUNTY SHERIFF'S DEPART3IENT - Law enforcement support to
MONTROSE COUNTY SHER~F'S DEPAIUMENT - Law enforcement support to
GARFIELD COUNTY SHERIFFS DEPART:VE:NT - Law enforcement support to
PITKIN COUNTY SHERIFFS DEPART)IE.NT - Law enforcement support to
HOTCHKISS TOWN MARSHAL - Law enforcement within municipal
PAONIA CITY POLICE DEPARTMENT - Law enforcement within municipal
COLLBRAN TOWN MARSHAL - Law enforcement within municipal boundaries.
BUREAU OF LAND MANAGEMENT - Dispatch and law enforcement support to
NATIONAL PARK SERVICE - Incident Command Team support.
COLORADO STATS: DEPART5IE~JT OF HEALTH - Public health and
sanitation support to Delta County Health Department.
DELTA COUNTY COMMISSIONERS - Public leadership and county
DELTA COUNTY ADMINISTRATOR - Coordinate county efforts.
DELTA COUNTY MEMORIAL HOSPITAL - Public health services.
NORTH FORK AMBULANCE SERVICE - Emergency medical services.
DELTA COUNTY DEPARTMENT OF SOCIAL SERVICES - Social services.
PAONIA HIGH SCHOOL - Facility accommodations.
DELTA COUNTY FAIR BOARD - Facility accommodations
COLORADO STATE PARKS AND RECREATION - Recreation management.
OPERATING PLAN 1992 RAINBOW FAMILY RATIONAL
Conga Ranger District Gunnison National Forest
The Rainbow Family of Living Light ant the Forest Service has a
mutual understanding that the 'allowing Operating Plan will be used to
work together in a partnership to assure that the rights of all involved
are respected and that the resources of the National Forest are
* TRANSPORTATION AND PARKING
1. The Rainbow Family agrees to sign access routes and parking areas
thee are agreed upon by the Forest Service and the Rainbow Family.
2. The Rainbow Family agrees that all parking for non-live-in
vehicles will be located in mutually agreed on areas. The Rainbow Family
will provide parking lot crews to organize, direct, and provide security
for parking in the parking area and live-in vehicles.
3. The Forest Service agrees to coordinate with the County of Delta
to control and maintain the Stevens Gulch Road (Forest Road '01), Forest
Road 705, and Forest Road 265. Provisions will be made for supply,
shuttle, parking and security referring to Gathering activities.
4. The Rainbow Family agrees to cooperate with the Forest Service to
maintain the Stevens Gulch Road (Forest Road 701), Forest Road ,05,
Forest Road 265, and trails within the Gathering site to the purpose of
the Gathering and the rehab of the site.
5. The Rainbow Family agrees that all vehicles abandoned by family
members or quests will be removed from National Forest lands and towed
at owner's expense after all the cleanup and rehabilitation cork has
been completed by the Rainbow Family and the work has been accepted by
the Forest Service.
6. Parking restrictions are in place along Forest Road 705(the
Forest Service will maintain signs informing the public of these
restrictions). Parking along the Stevens Gulch Road(Forest Road .01) and
Forest Road 705 will be in Forest Service designated areas only
Illegally parked vehicles will be towed at the expense of the vehicle
7. Vehicles parked in Mule Park or other nondesignated areas are
subject to towing at the expense of the vehicle owner.
1. Campfires will be attended at all times. Community fires are
encouraged by the Rainbow Family. National forest camping and
Campfire information and requirements will be available at
The Rainbow Family will take immediate suppression action on any
escaped fire and will ..notify the Forest Service as soon as possible.
The Rainbow Family will recommend that a shovel and a one gallon
container of water be placed at each campfire location
4. The Rainbow Family will provide all members with information
regarding resource protection and emergency procedures at the welcoming
station and ocher centers.
5. The Rainbow Family sill use only dead and down firewood (refer to
the Welcome Handout).
L. The Rainbow Family will work with the State of Colorado and Delta
County health officials to monitor and maintain at least the agencies'
minimum standards for on-site sanitation and water quality. Specifies
are addressed separately by the Health Department.
2. The Colorado State and Delta County Health Departments recommend
that all drinking, cooking and kitchen wash water used on site be
treated. The Rainbow Family will recommend that water for drinking and
cooking be treated by boiling for at least five minutes.
Kitchen washing procedures are recommended to be a three-bucket
system. The first bucket should be a hot soapy wash, the second a clear
hot rinse and the third a lukewarm chlorine rinse (two ounces of
chlorine bleach per five gallons of water. Dishes should then be allowed
to air dry. Kitchen areas will be roped off or otherwise defined. A hand
washing station is recommended for each kitchen area.
4. It is required that compost and gray water pits attached to
kitchens be covered at all times with 4 ail . polyethylene or similar
material and that dishes and kitchen utensils be covered when not in
5. ,he Rainbow Family will maintain at least one functioning latrine
per 100 people. Latrines will consist of a dug hole at least 30
itches by 12 long and 36 inches deep or comparable slit trenches.
Latrine. will be rodent and fly proof. Latrines will be located at least
300 feet horizontal distance from streams and lakes, be covered with
plywood or similar material ant be sealed at the edges with earth. User
access will be by trap door through the cover. If water appears in the
hole it should refilled and a new location identified. Latrines will be
monitored by the Rainbow Family and shut down when the contents are
within 15 inches of the surface. Buckets of line and for wood ash shall
be provided by the Rainbow Family at all latrine locations. A hand
washing bleaching Vader station wil1 be at each latrine.
The Rainbow will take appropriate action to have the site and
parking areas cleaned up and rehabilitated by the time agreed upon (but
no later than August '2, 1992) between the Forest Service and
Rainbow Family clean-up crew(s).
Copies of this Operating Plan will be posted by the Rainbow Family
at the Gathering Information Center and other suitable locations.
The Rainbow Family will establish contact with local agencies,
businesses, and organizations to arrange services and supplies, as
The Rainbow Family will provide on-site first aid services and be
responsible for emergency medical coordination and evacuation with area
The Rainbow Family Tribal Council will maintain a volunteer liaison
team for administration agreement matters between the Forest Service and
the Tribal Council. The Forest Service recognizes that members of the
liaison team do not make decisions for the Tribal Council or the Rainbow
Family, but serve to facilitate effective communication between the
1. Designated representatives for the Forest Service are:
a. Incident Commander - Warren Dubois ~ Nort Phillips
b. Planning Chief - Tom Williams
c. Operations Chief - Steve Posey ~ Terry Huges
d. Information - Dennis Neal, Lisa Notch, Ron Jablonski, Scott
Fitzwilliams, and Denise Stuhr
e. Health & Safe q - Rick Oberheu ~ Bonnie Koehler
f. Law Enforcement - Chet Lonczak, Charles Burt, and Fred hcKec
g District Ranger - Hichael Wart
Rainbow Family Tribal Council
6. The rainbow family will monitor sanitation at kitchens and :at
latrines. Specific recommendations will be addressed by the Health
7 Individual sites, including campsites, kitchens, tea houses, and
relayed facilities wit! be located no Less than 150 feet from lakes,
screams, and wet areas.
8. As surface disposition occurs the Rainbow -Family will correct it
by burying or covering and discourage the practice.
9. Vehicles equipped with holding tanks for gray and black water
will dump contents in an state approved dumping station.
* SITE AND RESOURCE CONCERNS
1. The camp will be designed as much as is practical to minimize
environmental impacts (I.e. dispersing camp sites) while providing a
logical use pattern necessary to facilitate the purposes of the
2. No green timber nor vegetation will be cut unless approved by the
3. The signing of facilities, activities, services, and travel
routes in the Gathering area will be done as necessary by the Rainbow
4. Areas restricted from camping and foot traffic for environmental
reasons will be identified by the Forest Service, and be signed and
flagged by the Rainbow Family. The Forest Service will identify and flag
areas of concern (e.g. research and cultural resource sites, etc.) to
prevent concentrated use at any one area.
5. All sod and soil from the fire dug-outs will be stored, and to
the extent practical, replaced after the Gathering as part of site
6. The Rainbow Family will monitor kitchen and other activities to
assure that soap, disinfectants, medical waste, or any ocher foreign
material, will not be introduced into lakes, streams, or other surface
* CLEAN UP AND REHABILITATION
1. The Rainbow Family clean-up crew will be responsible for picking
up all litter; disassembling and removing fire rings; rehabilitating
trails; removing structures; and naturalizing the site.
2. Recommendations for scarifying, seeding, fertilizing, and other
site rehabilitation will be provided by the Forest Service after July 8,
All refuse sill be either recycled or removed from the Gathering
sites and taken to a licensed disposal site.
APPENDIX C REHABILITATION PLAN 1992 NATIONAL RAINBOW FAMILY
PAONIA RANGER DISTRICT
GRAND MESA, UMCOMPHAGRE & GUNNISON NATIONAL FORESTS
The 1992 National Rair.bow Family Gathering took place on the
Paonia Ranger District of the Gunnison National
Forest. Over 19000 visitors were estimated to be on the site of the
Gathering July 4, 1992.
This plan provides the general guidance, maps, specifications ~
methods to facilitate the cleanup ~ rehabilitation of the Overland
Reservoir ~ Elk Park
-areas which were impacted by the Rainbow Family Gathering
participants. This Plan is intended to be a guide to assist Forest
Service ~ Rainbow Family members to better understand the objectives and
end-results of the cleanup rehabilitation work. More detailed ~
s$te-specific cleanup ~ rehabilitation needs will be addressed as they
Incident objective #8 reads Ensure that environmental safe guards
are available ~ the site is returned to a near natural condition..
Initial efforts during the seed camp phase of the Gathering to limit
environmental impacts by drawing participants away from sensitive sites
were successful. This was accomplished by working with Family members to
locate tra$1s, kitchens, water systems ~ ocher features of the gathering
on the more resistant ~ resilient sites.
The following cleanup ~ rehabilitation objectives are oriented
towards returning the site to near natural conditions.
1) Physical evidence of mans presence will be removed from the site
or rearranged to present a natural appearance.
2) Areas of exposed mineral soil will be scarified/aerated, seeded,
& fertilized as necessary to insure revegetation within one "roving
season. Accomplishment of this objective will require that seeding be
completed prior to August 1st.
3) A tread width of 24 inches will be reestablished for the 81k Park
~ Peter's Creek pack trails by revegetating the excess width as
specified in objective 2 above. All other trails will be obliterated.
4) To minimize erosion all trail segments ~ disturbed areas on
slopes over lot will have erosion control structures in place prior to
5) Access roads (FOR 701, 705 ~ 265) will be maintained to
1) Physical evidence of mans presence vill be removed from the site
or rearranged to present a natural appearance.
2) Areas of exposed mineral soil vill be scarified/aerated, seeded,
& fertilized as necessary to insure revegetation within one "roving
season. Accomplishment of this objective vill require that seeding be
completed prior to August 1st.
3) A tread width of 24 inches will be reestablished for the Elk Park
~ Peter's Creek pack trails by revegetating the excess width as
specified in objective 2 above. All other trails will be obliterated.
4) To minimize erosion all trail segments & disturbed areas on
slopes over lot vill have erosion control structures in place prior to
5) Access roads (FOR 701. 705 ~ 265) will be maintained to
6) Cleanup ~ rehabilitation will be conducted in an orderly manner
from the perimeter of the~site inward towards the "front gate"/supply
1) Pickup all refuse, litter and other foreign material and dispose
of at a recognized sanitary landfill or recycle center in accordance
with County Regulations.
2) Fire pits will be filled with the native material that was
removed from the pit. Rocks will be scattered to appear natural to the
3) Latrines will be covered with the native material originally
removed from the pit ant mounded with excess material to allow for
settling. All fecal matter will be covered.
4) Compost piles will only include natural decomposable material.
Compost piles and gray water sumps will be covered with dirt and
returned to a natural condition.
5) All kitchens, tea houses, etc. will be totally dismantled and man
made material removed from the site. Selected areas of concentrated use
will need scarification and aeration to hasten the healing process.
Where needed, seeding and mulching material will be selected that are
best suited to these high elevation ecosystems (Mountain Mix). Specific
areas will be identified by a Forest Service Representative.
6) All other structures (bridges, swings, lean-tos, ovens) will be
dismantled removed, or scattered to achieve a natural appearance.
7) All water lines will be removed from the gathering site.
8) Certain trails will be obliterated (see map of specific sites).
Trails that remain will have a 24 inch treadway, with appropriate water
control to avoid concentrations of water and prevent gully formation.
Specific Site Rehabilitation Areas
Areas warranting special attention are as follows.
1) Briefing area west of trailhead facility at front gate will be
scarified seeded. This area is also recommended as a staging area for
refuse collection ~ removal.
2) Bus Village will require mechanical scarification & fertilization
in conjunction with seeding.
3) The steep trail south of and leading to Love'n Ovens will require
extensive erosion control measures as designated on the ground by the
Forest Service Resource Specialist.
4) The trails leading to the Doughnut Factory sill be obliterated
5) Scarification & seeding of concentration areas in & around the
main circle is critical in order to reestablish vegetation in this area.
Seed ~ Fertilizer Specifications
1) Areas under heavy stands of timber do not need to be seeded
(shady areas). All other areas should be seeded with a mix adapted to
high elevations, called Mountain Mix". This consists of 15t lincoln
Broome, 20% Potomac Orchard grass, 15% kenblue Kentucky Bluegrass, 25%
linn Per Ryegrass, 20% Ryegrain, VNS 51 Timothy, Climax. This seed must
be certified with the certification tags being returned to the Forest
2) The seeding rate will be 21bs/acre (21bs per 1,000 sq. ft).
3) A proper seedbed can be prepared by scarifying the soil with the
appropriate tool or tools. The seed should then be spread ~ worked into
the soil by raking, making sure the seed is covered with no more than
1/2. of soil. The placement of natural mulch will greatly enhance the
success of the seeding. Natural mulches in the area would include dead
twigs ~ branches, rotten wood materials ~ grass clippings from close by
The fertilization should accompany revegetation efforts on the Bus
Village area ~ the parking area around the entrance areas. This is
needed to ensure successful revegetation of these in-fertile subsoils of
this area. Based on work with various ski areas ~ Vail Pass suggested
rates are 2001bs/acre of 16-20-0 ammonium phosphate sulfate should be
applied filth grass seeding.
- For moderately compacted areas such as kitchens ~ trails
scarification to a 3 inch depth depth on a 6x6 inch grid will be needed.
Because of he limited access to many of the disturbed areas it is
suggested that a rotary dram scarifier/aerator be fabricated from a 50
gallon oil drum to complement work accomplished with hand tools.
2) For heavily compacted areas such as Bus Village, scarification to
a 6 inch depth on a 12"x12" grid will be needed. It is anticipated that
this will require mechanized equipment.
Note: The 5O gallon drum scarifier will be furnished by the Forest
Service. However, equipment &scarifying Bus Village will be procured by
& at the expense of the Rainbow Family.
Prepared by: 7/6/92
Nort Phillips 7/6/92
Deputy Incident Commander
Concurrence by: 7/6/92
Steven Posey (signed)
1992 NATIONAL RAINBOW FAMILY GATHERING GUNNISON NATIONAL FOREST
PAONIA RANGER DISTRICT
You are now a guest of the Gunnison National Forest and neighboring
communities. The following information will help you be a good guest.
SANITATION - For the welfare of all, and to create a positr e image,
it is important that everyone consider the handling of human waste a
very important matter. Latrines should be used and maintained at the
rate of 1 latrine per 100 persons on site. If latrines are not being
used, waste should be buried in catholes of at least 6-8. in depth.
GARBAGE/SOLID WASTE - If is can be recycled, deposit it at the
recycling stations that are scattered throughout the site. Garbage is
being hauled out of the site to local landfills. Dispose of other
materials by packing them out with you when you leave,
WATER - All water in the area of the site is owned by the Overland
Ditch Company. They are very concerned about the impacts large numbers
of people will have on the quality and quantity of water. This water is
used for irrigating crops and gardens in the lower valleys. Some
families also use this water for domestic purposes. Please do not
bauble, wash or swim in the reservoir or streams that enter the
reservoir. Boil all drinking water for at least 5 minutes.
SAFE DRIVING - Access to the site is primarily on gravel roads. Keep
your speed down and obey all special postings. Law enforcement patrols
will be enforcing traffic laws for the safely of all who may be using
the roads to access their National Forest. Please drive safe9.
INSECTS - You will find a host of stinging and biting insects in the
woods, as well as ticks. Insect repellents have some affect, but in
general the bugs are something you'll just have to put up with. Ricks
can carry Lyme Disease and Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever. Fleas can carry
Bubonic Plague. ~
HYPOTHERMIA - The loss of body heat, lowering of body temperature,
due to prolonged exposure to cold is hypothermia. Staying warm and dry
is the key to avoiding hypothermia.
ALTITUDE SICKNESS - If you have come in from a low altitude you are
advised to sake it easy for a couple of days. Avoid strenuous exercise
until your body has a chance to acclimate to the over 10,000 foot
altitude of the site. Symptoms could include d~z.:r.ess. headaches and
nausea. If symptoms persist, move to a lower altitude.
THUNDERSTORMS/LIGHTNING - Colorado weather patterns this time of year
normally include afternoon showers and thunderstorms. For your own
safety, do not seek shelter In sparse stands of trees. Lightning is
especially deadly in the high country.
CAMPFIRES - Campfiress should be located on bare soil, away from
travel routes and flammable materials. It is illegal to leave campfires
unattended. You may collect dead and down wood from National Forest land
to use as firewood or shelter construction. Fireworks are illegal at HI
times on National Forests
ILLNESS/MEDICAL SERVICES - If you become ill at the site we suggest
you seek medical assistance as soon as possible. Anyone not feeling well
should refrain from kitchen duty. hledicai services are available in
neighboring communities. Check with CALM for specific information.
EMERGENCY MESSAGES - Emergency messages received will be transported
to the site.
DUST ABATEMENT - During the period beginning 6/24 there will be
temporary delays on Stevens Gulch Road, FS Road 701' to facilitate the
application of magnesium chloride to the road in order to reduce dust.
PARKING - There is plenty of parking designated near the site. Please
observe the NO PARKING/NO CAMPING signs posted along access routes and
other roads. ILLEGALLY PARKED VEHICLES WILL BE TOWED AT OWNER EXPENSE.
Please cooperate with Rainbow Family parking crews and others directing
traffic.. The Rainbow Family will provide shuttle services from the
parking areas to the entrance to the main singe.
SPECIAL AREAS - Special areas within the gathering site will be
signed and marked. Cultural sites, research areas and sensitive riparian
areas should be avoided.
PRIVATE PROPERTY - There are areas near the site which are private
lands. Please respect the rights of private land owners and their
properties. Landowner permission is required.
HELICOPTER LANDING AREA - With the cooperation of Rainbow Family
members, a helicopter landing area is being identified to serve the
Gathering site in case of emergency. Once identified, do not camp within
the marked perimeter.
PHOTOGRAPHS - You may encounter Forest Service personnel taking
photographs of activities and features at the site. Photos will be used
for several purposes, including a record of the event. Forest Service
personnel will ask permission before a photo is taken.
PETS - Pets are to be restrained and cleaned up after. Like people,
pets can be infected with diseases carried by ticks and fleas. Keep your
pets under control and away from wild rodents, which can carry Bubonic
Plague. This is fawning/calving season. Do not allow your pets to harass
LAWS AND REGULATIONS - We will appreciate your support and
cooperation to protect all National Forest, Colorado, private
landowners' and residents' resources. Please help us by complying with
all State and Federal laws and reguaitions which local officials will be
coordinating to enforce.